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Home   »  India Info  »  Geographical Location & Climate in India

geographical location and climate in india

Ritco Tours India is located in the south of Asian continent. The country is bordered by the Arabian sea to its west, the Bay of Bengal to its east and the Indian Ocean to its south. The Himalayan ranges from Kashmir in the north to Arunachal Pradesh in the east forms a natural barrier. Protected by such natural barriers like mountains and oceans, India stands separated from the rest of Asian continent.

Speaking in geographical terms, India lies to the north of the equator between 8.4 and 37.6 degrees north latitude and 68.7 and 97.25 degrees east longitude. The total land area of India is 2,973,190 sq km. The country measures 3214 kms from north to south and 2933 kms from east to west. It shares land boundaries worth 15,200 kms and the coastline of India is 7516.5 kms long. Forested land constitutes 21.6% of the total land area.India shares her boundaries with Bangladesh (4,053 kms) Bhutan (605 kms) Burma (1,463 kms) China (3,380 kms) Nepal (1,690 kms) and Pakistan( 2,912 kms). The highest elevated point in India is Kanchenjunga at an altitude of 8,598 meters while the lowest elevation point is regarded as Indian Ocean at 0 meters.


India's climate
The sheer size of India means that the country has a varied climate and terrain. The diversity could be understood from the fact that the Himalayan mountain ranges are in the north, the deserts of Thar is in the west, there are plains in the central region and plateaus in the south. There is also a 7,500 km long coastline and rain-fed tropical forests.

The seasons in India are distinct but the intensity of seasonal variations in the weather differs from region to region. The subcontinent has been divided into eight climatic zones. Although monsoon rains are common to all areas, the wet season occurs at different times across the country. In general, the mountainous regions to the north enjoy cold weather conditions while the plains are dry and hot and the coastal regions enjoy a relatively moderate climate during the year.

Ritco Tours Summers in India are generally from April to the middle of June. Temperatures may rise above 40 degrees centigrade in many parts of northern, central and southern India. But recent developments show that even eastern parts like West Bengal and Orissa experience temperatures in excess of 40 degrees. The monsoons normally hit India during late June and the rainy season may prevail till August. The rainfall is also not uniform and the north eastern part of the country receives the highest rainfall. The advent of winter in India is late November and lasts till February. Variations in temperatures may also be seen during the winter season. The temperatures may drop nearer to zero in northern India but southern India rarely experiences temperatures below 15 degrees in winters.










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